14 facts about the Crimean Tatar language

March 12, 2023

The Crimean Tatar language is beautiful, melodic and complex. The beauty of a language, like that of every person, is in the secrets that it hides.

The Crimean Tatar language has existed for many centuries and carries a large baggage of interesting features that not everyone knows about.

We have prepared a few facts about this incredible language that you might not know about:

  • The Crimean Tatar language belongs to the Turkic languages and belongs to the Altaic family of languages.
  • The Crimean Tatar language was formed in the XIV-XVII on the basis of the Kipchak languages in the Crimea.
  • The Crimean Tatar language is considered one of the common of the Turkic groups, since it is based on elements of both the Kipchak and Oghuz languages.
  • For the Crimean Tatar language, both Cyrillic and Latin are used. The alphabet based on Latin graphics consists of 31 letters.
  • With the advent of Islam in the Crimea, the Crimean Tatar language had Arabic script for about seven centuries, which was used until 1928.
  • The Crimean Tatar language has 3 dialects according to sub-ethnic groups.
  • The Crimean Tatar language is on the UNESCO list of endangered languages.
  • The first post-war national school with the Crimean Tatar language of instruction after the return of the Crimean Tatars to their homeland was opened in the village of Buyuk Onlar (Oktiabrske) in 1993.
  • It is believed that the literary Crimean Tatar language was founded by the outstanding educator Ismail Gasprinsky (1851-1914).
  • Words do not have a gender category, only in some exceptions the affix -e indicates the feminine gender. But with animals, the story is more interesting: they use the questions “what?”.
  • The letters “zh” and “c” are not in the canonical Crimean Tatar language.
  • The Crimean Tatar language has specific consonant sounds (къ, гъ, нъ), which are not found in the Ukrainian language.
  • Each member of the family has its own name, for example, an aunt on the side of the mother is tize, and on the side of the father is ala.
  • The Crimean Tatar language lost many of its speakers as a result of the deportation and Russification of the Crimean Tatars.

Did you know about these features? Maybe you know some more?